Types of Windows

The diagrams below will help you identify the type of window you need based on how the door opens. These window types apply to wood, vinyl, and metal windows.

Any of these windows can be customized any any types of glass. Refer to our article about different types of glass or our article that discusses different ways to make glass translucent.

The diagrams are shown as if you were standing OUTSIDE the window.

Single Hung Window

Diagram of a Single Hung Window

Typically, the top sash is fixed and the bottom sash slides up and down.

Double Hung Window

Diagram of a Double Hung Window

Both sashes slide up and down. The sashes may also tilt in to allow easy cleaning.

Fixed Window

Diagram of a Fixed Window

Also called a Picture Window, the sash does not move.

Casement Window

Diagram of a Casement Window

The sash of a casement window swings open from one side or the other.

Sliding Window

Diagram of a Sliding Window

One or both sashes slide horizontally within the frame.

Awning Window

Diagram of an Awning Window

Awning windows are hinged at the top and swing out at the bottom.

Hopper Window

Diagram of a Hopper Window

Hopper windows are hinged at the bottom and swing out at the top. They are used infrequently since the configuration allows rain to enter.

Article Updated: May 19, 2021

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